This one is two parts in which we will consider the teaching of Nestorius. Is it heresy, error, or truth? And why do you hold such.
Part One: The Mother of God Syllogism
Jesus Christ is God;Mary gave birth to Jesus;
Therefore Mary is the Mother of God.
Is that true? Nestorius thought it was an incorrect statement. He argued that it would be better to call Mary the bearer of Christ or bearer of humanity. To call Mary “the bearer of God” caused problems for Nestorius. He felt that it failed to take into account the fullness of Christ’s humanity. Therefore, he argued…
Part Two: Nestorius’ position
Christ is indivisible in that he is Christ, but he is twofold in that he is both God and a human being. He is one in his sonship, but is twofold in that which takes and that which is taken…For we do not acknowledge two Christs or two sons or “only-begottens” or Lords; not one son and another son, not a first “only-begotten” and a new “only-begotten,” not a first and second Christ, but one and the same.
If I am able, please allow me to simply summarize Nestorius’ teaching (or at least what he was charged with teaching). It is believed that Nestorius taught that in Jesus there were “two natures and two persons. The human nature was born of Mary, the divine was not. Nestorius believed that in the person of Jesus he has a divine person/nature and a human person/nature.
Some folks thought that Nestorius was denying the divinity of Jesus Christ. Nestorius felt his opponents were denying his humanity. What do you think?
References: Historical Theology by Alistar McGrath and The Story of Christianity by Juston Gonzalez.